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Carlsbad Decrees Essay Definition

Prince Klemens von Metternich and Prince Otto von Bismarck Essay

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Prince Klemens von Metternich and Prince Otto von Bismarck can be compared to the dual sides of a Deutsche Mark, a Deutsche Mark that has sported different faces when repeatedly tossed over the years. After 1871, the Prussian-friendly German historians hailed Bismarck as the national hero who had united Germany while Metternich was deemed a failure. Then after the loss of the two world wars, the coin was again flipped, and Bismarck was seen as a bloodthirsty power monger while Metternich still carried the stigma of a failure. The events that lead to the diverse opinion of these two men were their characters, ideological backgrounds, goals, the means by which they reached their goals, their achievements and lastly, their failures. The…show more content…

Metternich’s character can be summed in his 1819 memoirs: “I am always above and beyond the preoccupations of most public men… I cannot help myself from saying about twenty times a day: how right I am and how wrong they are,” demonstrating the arrogance of his class (Pelling). Metternich was an opportunist and conservative, much like Bismarck, and they both hated the idea of revolution. Metternich wanted Austria to dominate the German Confederation and influence the rest of Europe but he was against a unified Germany because the Habsburg Empire did not embrace a single people speaking one language, but many people’s speaking different languages. Metternich was anti-nationalist and he was against student organization. His Carlsbad Decrees in 1819 dissolved the Burschenschaften, and he opposed a representative government.
Prince Otto von Bismarck was seen as both a political genius and a power monger, like a Prussian version of Alexander the Great by the people. Bismarck was a conservative, who used the people around him to reach his goals; and in doing so, he pitted people against one another. According to the book 19th Century Germany: Politics, Culture and Society 1780-1918 by John Breuilly, modern historians have found it very hard “to separate the man from his achievements” (Breuilly 172). The historians have run into a roadblock that consists mostly of

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Carlsbad Decrees,

1819, resolutions adopted by the ministers of German states at a conference at Carlsbad that was convened and dominated by Prince MetternichMetternich, Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar, Fürst von
, 1773–1859, Austrian statesman and arbiter of post-Napoleonic Europe, b. Koblenz, of a noble Rhenish family.
.....Click the link for more information. following the murder of August von KotzebueKotzebue, August von
, 1761–1819, German dramatist and politician. He wrote some 200 plays, including Menschenhass und Reue (1789, tr. The Stranger, 1798), Die Spanier in Peru; oder, Rollas Tod (1795, tr.
.....Click the link for more information. by a student. The decrees provided for uniform press censorship and close supervision of the universities, with the aim of suppressing all liberal agitation against the conservative governments of Germany, particularly by the student organizations. The resolutions, ratified by the diet of the German Confederation, remained in force until 1848.



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