1 Douzragore

Commonwealth Essay 2012 Presidential Candidates


THIRD PARTY and
INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES:

(Note: Parties with ballot status in at least one state -- based on either 2008 status or preliminary 2012 status -- listed first, then all others under the INDEPENDENT & WRITE-IN CANDIDATES header).

**CLICK HERE TO VIEW THE BALLOT ACCESS CHART FOR THIRD PARTY & INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES**


AMERICA'S PARTY / AMERICAN INDEPENDENT PARTY:


AMERICAN THIRD POSITION PARTY:


CONSTITUTION PARTY:


GREEN PARTY:


JUSTICE PARTY:

NOTE: ALSO NOMINEE OF THE INDEPENDENCE PARTY OF CONNECTICUT and NATURAL LAW PARTY OF MICHIGAN.


LIBERTARIAN PARTY:


OBJECTIVIST PARTY:


PARTY OF SOCIALISM AND LIBERATION (PSL):

NOTE: THE PSL MAY ALSO USE SURROGATE PSL NOMINEES IN SOME STATES, WHERE NEEDED FOR BALLOT ACCESS PURPOSES, AS LINDSAY (AGE 27) AND OSORIO (AGE 26 & FOREIGN BORN) ARE NOT CONSTITUTIONALLY QUALIFIED TO SERVE IF ELECTED.

PEACE & FREEDOM PARTY:


PROHIBITION PARTY:


REFORM PARTY USA:


SOCIALIST PARTY USA (SP-USA) / LIBERTY UNION PARTY:


SOCIALIST EQUALITY PARTY:


SOCIALIST WORKERS PARTY (SWP):

NOTE: THE SWP MAY ALSO USE A SURROGATE VP NOMINEE IN SOME STATES, WHERE NEEDED FOR BALLOT ACCESS PURPOSES, AS MAURA DeLUCA (AGE 33) IS NOT CONSTITUTIONALLY QUALIFIED TO SERVE IF ELECTED.

INDEPENDENT CANDIDATES WITH BALLOT STATUS IN AT LEAST ONE STATE:

Jeff Boss (Independent-New Jersey)

Jim Carlson (Grassroots-Minnesota) - No Campaign Website

Will Christensen (Independent American / Oregon Constitution-Utah)

Richard Duncan (Independent-Ohio) - No Campaign Website

Jerry Litzel (Independent-Iowa) - No Campaign Website

Dean Morstad (Independent-Minnesota)

Jill Reed (Twelve Visions-Wyoming)

Randall Terry (Independent-West Virginia)

Sheila "Samm" Tittle (We The People-Virginia)

Barbara Dale Washer (Mississippi Reform-Mississippi) - No Campaign Website


INDEPENDENT, OTHER & WRITE-IN CANDIDATES WITHOUT BALLOT STATUS IN ANY STATES:

Dorothy "Doc" Adams (Independent-Texas)
Avery Ayers (Independent-Texas)
Jeff Block (Independent-Georgia)
Tiffany Briscoe (Independent-Maryland)Whence Brown (Independent-Washington)
Darryl Bryant (Write In-Georgia)
Robert "Naked Cowboy" Burck (Independent-New York)
Lester Byerley Jr. (Tea-New Jersey)
President Emperor Caesar (Independent-Florida)
Hal Chad Carrington-Hayes (Independent-Arizona)
Jerry Carroll (Independent-California)
Joseph Charles (Independent-Texas)
Paul Chehade (Independent-Florida)
Liza Dawn Cherricks (Independent-Delaware)
Santa Claus (Write In-Nevada)
Todd Clayton Jr. (Constitutionalist-Washington)

Douglas Clement (Independent-Missouri)
Floyd Conover (Independent-Tennessee)
James Cooper (Michigan)
Don Cordell (Write In-California)
Sanford Cramer III (Independent-California)
Christopher Dardzinski (Write In-Michigan)
Fred Donald Dickson Jr. (Write In-Maryland)
Michael Doname (Independent-New York)
Jim Duensing (Boston Tea Party-Nevada)
Stephen Durham (Freedom Socialist Party-New York)
Michael David Elder (Independent-Texas)
John "Green" Ferguson (Eco Green Party-Texas)
Ronald Gascon (Write In-Pennsylvania)
Jackie Gouge (Independent-Texas)
Mark B. Graham (Citizens-West Virginia)
Ken Grammer (Independent-Virginia)
J. Paul Hadd (Write In-Pennsylvania)
Bob Hall (Independent-Illinois)
William Harney (Independent-Florida)
Rutherford Bert Hayes (Independent-Arkansas)
Craig Hermann (Independent-Florida)
RaeDeen Heupel (Independent-Montana)
Thaddaus Hill (Madisonian Federalist-Texas)
Darrell Hillis (Independent-Tennessee)
John Hoelzel Jr. (Independent-Texas)
Samuel Hoff (Independent-Delaware)
Brian Holland (National Socialist Movement-Virginia)
"Mad Mike" Hughes (Independent-California)
Darrell Hykes (Independent-Georgia)
Michael Jenkins (Write In-Texas)
Ronald D. Jones (Independent-Florida)
Terry Jones (Independent-Florida)
Scott Keller (Independent-Florida)

Nelson Keyton (Independent-Virginia)
Dennis Knill (Independent-Arizona)
Tollefsen Kristen (Independent-Virginia)
Gott Johan Josephe Lally (Independent-Vermont)
Temperance Alesha Lance-Council (Anti-Hypocrisy-California)
Jerry Lanser (Independent-Colorado)
David Larson (American Independent-California)
Robert Lee (Independent-Virginia)
Brad Lefler (Independent-Ohio)
Michael "Lev" Levinson (Independent-Florida)
Sophia the Logos (Independent-Virginia)
Love-22 (Write In-California)
Ed Maddox (Independent-South Dakota)
James McCall (Independent-Ohio)
Richard McCormick (Kis-Washington)
Ron McCune (Independent-Florida)
David McFadden (Independent-Ohio)
J.L. Mealer (Independent-Arizona)
Albert Morzuch (Independent-Florida)
Bill Nees (Write In-Georgia)
John Parmele Jr. (Independent-Virginia)
Mark Pimentel (Independent-Florida)
Matthew David Pinnavaia (Independent-California)
Samuel "Uncle Sam" Powell (Independent-District of Columbia)
Rajesh Raghavan (Independent-Maryland)
Arthur Rakowitz (Independent Party-Texas)
Luis Ramos Jr. (Write In-New York)
Rich Reed (Independent-Kansas)
John Karl Reiman (Independent-California)
"Mad Max" Riekse (Citizens-Michigan)
Platt Robertson (Write In-Nevada)
Rick Rogers (Independent-Washington)
Billy Roper (Nationalist-Arkansas)
Paul Rosenberger (Independent-California)
Laurie Roth (Independent-Washington)
Dan Rozelle (Independent-Indiana)
Donald Sauter (Independent-Delaware)
Francis Savarirayan (Independent-Illinois)
"Average Joe" Schriner (Independent-Ohio)
Larry Schuetter (United Third Party-California)
Stephen Shadden (Independent-Oklahoma)
William Shaw (Independent-Illinois)
James Dee Shinn (Independent-West Virginia)
Montgomery Blair Sibley (Write In-District of Columbia)
Jeff Siggins (Write In-Delaware)
Charles Smith (Write In-Pennsylvania)
David Jon Sponheim (America's Third Party-Washington)
Gary Stark (Independent-California)
Scott Allen Meek Stephens (Independent-New York)
Vincent Stieber Jr. (Independent-Ohio)
Vermin Supreme (Independent-Massachusetts)
Charles Tolbert (Independent-Florida)
Anthony Tubbs (Independent-Louisiana)
Douglas "Dutch" Van Raam (Independent-Arizona)
Da Vid (Light Party-California)
George Washington Williams (Independent-Ohio)
Andrew Wildman (Independent-Louisiana)
Jerry Wilson (Write In-Tennessee)
Michael "Doc" Witort (Independent-Illinois)
Danny Woodring (Write In-Florida)


OTHER P2012 RESOURCES:

New Hampshire Political Library - This site contains just about anything you could ever want to know about the influential New Hampshire Presidential primary -- including a directory of every candidate who ever ran in the NH primary. Maintained by the New Hampshire State Library, Franklin Pierce College, University of New Hampshire, St. Anselm College, the New Hampshire State Archives and the New Hampshire Historical Society.

C-SPAN: Road to the White House - Information, links and some streaming video events from one of the nation's leading sources of raw political television coverage. Covers the various likely Presidential candidates. Constantly updated.

Ballot Access News - This respected publication -- founded in 1985 by Libertarian activist Richard Winger -- tracks the attempts of third party and independent candidates for various offices to secure ballot access in the 50 states. The site also tracks changes in the law, court challenges and other interesting tidbits of third party news you usually won't find elsewhere. Use this page to stay current on which third party and independent candidates will and won't appear on your state's general election ballot in November 2008

Democracy in Action: P2012 - A great site has lots of detailed information on the 2012 Presidential contest. Published by Eric Appleman of GWU. Eric has been covering the White House races starting with the 2000 elections. Very useful, well balanced. A great resource.

Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections - Dave Leip prepared this very informative site, which provides historic voting results from the Presidential general elections of 1860-2008. Covers the vote totals for the major party nominees and the top 2-3 third party nominees in each race. Colorful maps and graphs, too.

PollingReport.com - Why bother reinventing the wheel and writing our own poll tracking page when this excellent page already exists. To follow the trends in all of the latest polls in the White House race, simply visit this site.

Commission on Presidential Debates - Established by leaders of the two major parties to ensure that debates remain a permanent part of every general election, this nonprofit and bipartisan organization sponsored all the general election Presidential debates since 1988. Their controversial and restrictive participation rules largely exclude third party candidates (even the major ones) from participating in these nationally televised debates.

VicePresidents.com - No one pays much attention to Vice Presidents -- or, at least, they didn't used to -- except for these guys. History, trivia, quotes, bios, and more.

4President.org - An online museum of Presidential campaign brochures, bumper stickers and key speches from 1960 through the 2008 campaign. A great site for political junkies.

The Living Room Candidate - The American Museum of the Moving Image presents this great online museum of Presidential campaign TV commercials. The ads, which cover every election since 1952 (Ike vs. Stevenson), are an amazing resource.


 

 

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Presidential Studies the Transfer of

View Full EssayWords: 2836Length: 8 PagesDocument Type: EssayPaper #: 64032062

S. interests in that part of the world. Then, on January 17, 1991, the U.S. launched the first attack, with more than 4,000 bombing runs. After 100 hours, Bush called off the offensive, saying he wanted to minimize U.S. casualties.

Though Bush was criticized for this withdrawal being premature, the U.S. made a retreat from Kuwait after the successful offensive, and Bush's approval ratings reached new highs.

Bush announced in early 1992, that he would run again for President, and his reelection looked probable. However, higher taxes and uncontrolled economic problems brought his term to an end in 1992, and Bush lost to Bill Clinton. Bush was running as a conservative, but so were oss Perot and Pat Buchanan (who ran against him for the epublican nomination).

In order to defeat Pat Buchanan's bid for the epublican nomination, Bush declared even more conservative stances. Though he defeated Pat Buchanan, oss…… [Read More]

References

Farnsworth, S.J. And Lichter, S.R. (2004), New presidents and network news: covering the first year in office of Ronald Reagan, Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol. 34:3, 29 Jul 2004, 674.

Frye, T. (1999). Changes in Post-Communist Presidential Power: Political Economy Explanation. A paper prepared for Ohio State University. Retrieved November 19, 2008 at http://kellogg.nd.edu/events/pdfs/Frye.pdf

Kelley, C.S., and Marshall, B.W. (2006). The Last Mover Advantage: Presidential Powers and the Role of Signing Statements, Chicago, IL. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hilton, Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved November 19, 2008 at http://www.allacademic.com/meta/p139737_index.html.

Mann, J. (2002). The ghost of the oval office, New York Times, October 4, 2002.

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