Judaism Christianity And Islam Compare And Contrast Essay Sample
Compare and Contrast Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Essay
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Compare and Contrast Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
Human beings have always been curious about the meaning and purpose of life. Religions try to answer the curiosity people have about there being a higher source, typically identifying this greater domination as God. Some beliefs teach that there is only one G-d this is defined as a monotheistic religion. Some examples of monotheistic religions are Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Although each sect has a different perspective on teachings and beliefs they have one common thread; the belief in a singular deity.
Each religion has a different perspective but most important is where the religions generated from. Major religions started in various parts of the world.
Judaism,…show more content…
Christianity is broke in to three divisions Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant. In 1054 a major break in Christianity took place, giving birth too two major sects. The major sects were called Catholic and Orthodox. In the 16 century another split became, and that sect was called Protestant. The issue of religious authority continues to be a fundamental difference and perspective between the sects of Christianity. For example, the Pope was not acknowledged by the Orthodox as a worldwide supremacy. Comparison is the Catholic's religious structure cored around the Pope. Thus Christianity has multiple sects and is far more complex. Christianity has numerous sects; in comparison, Islam has only two major branches. The main sects of Islam are Sunni and Shi'a. The partition between these two sects is the disagreement over authority. For example Sunni believes authority is political. On the other hand, Shi'a believes authority is political and religion.
Another major disagreement between the Shi'a and Sunni was over the idea of salvation. The Islamic community, it was believed, would only win G-d's mercy on the Day of Judgment if the community as a whole lived according to G-d's law.(66)
The discrepancies with the main ideas cause the split in Islam as we see it today. Each religion has a different way in obtaining salvation. Jewish and Christian community, the Islamic community has different views on salvation as well as beliefs. It is
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are the three major monotheistic religions of the world. They share a common heritage and are related in many ways. However, there are also major differences between the religions.
The major similarity between these three religions is that they are all monotheistic. This means that they believe in only one God. Furthermore, many people would say that they all believe in the same God. Since they are the only three major religions in the world to believe in monotheism, this is a very important similarity.
Because the three religions believe in the same God, they also believe in some of the same scriptures. Only Judaism does not believe in the scriptures of either of the other faiths. The holy book of Judaism is the Tanakh, which corresponds closely to the Christian Old Testament. Christians believe in the authenticity of the Old Testament, but they believe that the New Testament is also the word of God. Muslims believe in the legitimacy of both the Old and the New Testaments. However, they believe that those scriptures have become corrupted in some ways and that the mistakes in those scriptures were corrected when God revealed the Quran to Muhammad. Thus, the three faiths believe in some of the same scriptures and in some different scriptures.
One major difference between the three religions is their view of the nature of Jesus Christ. To Christians, Jesus was the Son of God. He was both the Son of God and an inextricable part of God (this is a mystery of the Christian faith). Neither Jews nor Muslims believe this about Jesus. Jews believe that Jesus was a false prophet while Muslims believe that he was a true prophet but not the Son of God.
A second major difference between the two has to do with their views of Muhammad and the Quran. Muslims believe that God revealed the contents of the Quran to Muhammad. They believe that Muhammad was the last prophet of God. Neither Christians nor Jews believe that Muhammad was in any way divinely inspired.
A third difference between the three religions has to do with their vision of the nature of God. Both Jews and Muslims believe that there is only one God and that there are no distinct parts to God. Christians, however, believe that God is one God who is made up of three persons. They believe that God is simultaneously one being and three beings (God the Father, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit).
There are many other differences between these religions in terms of the laws they believe in, the ways in which they practice their faiths, etc. However, these are the main theological similarities and differences between the three.
Here is a video comparing and contrasting the three religions: